Eating patterns

I have seen lots of horses roaming around in huge meadows who spend all day grazing. Horses eat small amounts of the same kind of food all day long. Sometimes I just see horses standing lazily like statues while they doze off. Or when my family drives by a small herd of horses, they are either standing like statues with their heads over each other’s backs, laying out on their sides as if they were dead, or grazing slowly. In a different pasture I see other horses (usually with their new born foals) galloping as a herd or grazing as well. Some of these horses that live in herds of huge pastures are partly wild, but most of them are herded back in at night and are often mixed up with cattle. 

Horses have a kind of eating routine. In the wild they eat in small amounts at a time and have food that they could get access to all day long. They still have this same routine of eating and are easily upset if their feeding routines are changed. In wild herds the higher ranked horses eat and drink first and if there isn’t enough or just a small amount left the higher ranked horses might not let any other the lower ranked horses get any at all. 

Sleep patterns

Horses can sleep standing up or lying down. Most horses usually sleep standing because they are ‘prey’ animals and it’s easier to get away from the danger of predators if standing rather than laying down. Horses can relax their muscles while standing without falling over when sleeping. A lot of the time you can find a horse dozing with one of their hind legs cocked, this means they are relaxed. It is really amazing that horses don’t actually ‘sleep’ as often as you might think they do. They ‘sleep' about two and a half hours in a 24-hour period. They have to lay down to fall into a real sleep. 

Horses will doze than actually sleep and keep alert to things around them because they are a prey animal. Horses can sleep better in herds because one will sleep while while the other keeps watch for predators. 

Little Red Riding Hood

I drew this from a picture my grandpa took of a walk he had in France near his house. Of course there wasn't Little Red Riding Hood in the photo but there could be a big bad wolf lurking somewhere in those woods. Here is the picture he took:

(The pictures are mirrored partly on purpose).

Counting Stars

I have never made a pinkish/purple sky at night but this worked out better than I thought! I actually was looking at my brother's picture he took at night of a pink night, it also had a river and a farm next to it. The river in his picture was the Sacramento river that is next to our house, his picture he took is really similar to my drawing. 

Horse blankets 'n saddle blankets

A horse blanket (or rug) is a blanket that covers a horse from the rump to the chest. Some blankets have an additional neck and head cover including leg coverings. This blanket is to keep the cold out and even sometimes to keep the hair short. The blanket is basically their winter coat. The blanket is sometimes kept on the horse all winter to prevent their natural winter haired coat from growing so shedding their hair won't be such a problem in the summer. But without a winter haired coat or a blanket a horse could become really ill. 

Another kind of blanket is called a 'saddle blanket'. This saddle blanket is much smaller and goes between the horse's back and the saddle. The blanket is to prevent the horse's sweat from touching the leather saddle. The saddle straight on the back could make bad rashes or other things like that. Also the blanket keeps the saddle still and in place when riding; it's much more comforting to the horse to have a blanket between than the saddle straight on his back because it's softer. 

A horse's bit

A 'bit' is a small metal stick that goes into a horse's mouth which helps control the horse more easily. There is what part of a horse's mouth that has a big gap where there are no teeth and this is where the bit is placed when riding. There are many different kinds of bits and they are usually in two pieces that are connected together by a smaller piece. (Sometimes it's all one piece with a dip in it of the shape of a 'U'). All of that is in the horse's mouth but connected to that is an 'O' or 'D' shaped ring on either side of the bit that is outside of the mouth and has the reins connected to it. Other than the reins, the horse wears headgear called a bridle. 

The bit works by allowing the rider to turn the horse's head by pulling on the reins.  With this, the rider has much more control over the horse than a bitless bridle. Having the ability to turn the horse's head while riding also gives the advantage of turning the whole body. 

Not all the time can a bit be good for a horse. If it's used wrongly, it can give much pain to a horse and could injure its mouth, lips, tongue, and especially its teeth very badly. When a horse is made to do a particular type of work (like reining), the bit may be different from other bits. English and Western bits may also be different as well.

 The first bits were made of rope, horn, bone or hard wood. Metal bits became in use between 1300 and 1200 BC. Sometimes bits are made of rubber, plastic or mixed with other metals.

Horse Braids

Horses have their hair braided for shows (mainly dressage or hunting shows). Braiding horses' hair (mane or tail) could be for special occasions or just to keep the hair up from the ground. Sometimes the hair is braided not only for style but to keep from getting tangled in tack that they might be wearing, or from their eyes while being ridden, or when pulling a wagon (pulling anything) to keep from getting long hair tangled in any of the harnesses or wheels. There are a lot of different ways to braid horses' hair. Usually for me I have always loved a horse with flowing long hair and not braided up into buns or tight pole line braids. 

Not only are there braids but also diamond shaped linked manes that I think looks really cool! Here is a drawing I made, to show you: