Rocky Mountain Horse

Rocky mountain horses are a really cool breed! I LOVE their colors! They have a beautiful body color which is very often called a chocolate coat. They have small bodies but beautiful colors! Most rocky mountain horses have a silver dappled colored coat along with the chocolate color. Also their mane and tail are almost always pure white or cream colored which is always lighter than their body colors. Sometimes the chocolate color and silver dappled would be mixed with a black look. In fact there are Rocky mountain horses that have pure black or black with silver dapples and sometimes a little trace of chocolate color. They also could have white markings on their face or legs.

(Picture from Wikipedia)
Rocky mountain horses originated in a place called the Appalachian Mountains in eastern Kentucky. They were used for different kinds of riding, driving, and and light draft horse work. Today they are used mainly for trail riding and cattle work. In competitions they could be used for dressage because of their light stepping that make them seem to glide. Sometimes they're used for different kinds of jumping but most are used for pleasure and trail riding. Rocky mountain horses are as tall as 14.2 to 16 hands high (which is 58 and 64 inches high, or about 4 to 5 feet high from the ground to their shoulder). These Rocky mountain horses are strong and born to survive through hard winters in rough mountains. They’re also born with a interesting kind of stepping called ambling that is faster than a walk but slower than a canter. 

There was a horse named Old Tobe who was a great descendant of Rocky mountain breed. Old Tobe was owned by a breeder named Sam Tuttle who lived through World War ll. Old Tobe was used as a breeding stallion and bred many Rocky mountain horses. Sam kept his herd after the war and kept breeding more of the breed. Before long the breed was well known and many rocky mountain horses were being bred and also bred with other mixed breeds. 

To show you a lively Rocky Mountain horse and to show the breed’s colors I found a video of a happy beautiful horse galloping; https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y59wSDKgwmU


Fjord horse

The fjord or Norwegian fjord horse is really a pretty and one of my favorite breeds next to mustangs, rocky mountain horses and a few other breeds. (which I haven't talked about yet). One reason is for their looks, which is different from most horses. For example, their mane stands up like a zebra's mane and also (sometimes) has black and white stripes on their mane and tail or black mane with white mane hair on the outer side. Sometimes the outer lighter mane is cut into cubes for looks like this picture I drew here.

 They are small but strong horses that came from Western Norway. Their body is a form of a very light draft horse but strong one. Their color comes in a dun with different shades usually lighter mane and tails with streaks of black. If you don't know what a dun color is, it's a body color that comes in kind of tan or gold or other times darker like brown to almost black. Fjord horses always come in dun, 90% of fjord horses come in 'brown dun' (brown dun is called 'bay dun' in other breeds) the picture below is a fjord horse the color is brown dun.

The 10% left is usually 'red dun' or 'gray dun' (rarely gray dun). They even come in a cream color that also comes with blue eyes! They could even have a stripe down the middle of their back. The horse I used to ride, Raleigh, is a darker colored dun, black main and tail with a stripe down his back. Although he's definitely not a fjord horse, he has a lot of the same colors. Fjord horses could have this stripe and rarely a stripe across the withers. Fjord horses could have small brown spots on their head and body.

This picture of a fjord horse is a gray dun. This horse is really pretty!


Fjord horses are heavy enough to plow, pull timber or drive. They are even light enough for different kinds of riding. They are very sure footed in mountains and could climb rocky places very well. They are mainly used for driving and they're entered in different driving sports as well. And sometimes are dressage horses.


Thoroughbred

Thoroughbreds are known for their speed and racing abilities, although they could do other horse sports such as show jumping, dressage, polo, and fox hunting. The thoroughbred was first born in England and is called a hotblooded horse. Millions of thoroughbreds exist today and more than 118,000 thoroughbred foals are registered each year worldwide. They are known for either distance runners or sprinters.  

(Picture from wikipedia)
Thoroughbreds are known for their speed and wild spirit. They usually come in bay, dark bay or brown, chestnut, black or gray. It is rare to find them in as Pinto or Appaloosa and really rare in pure white. 
They are sometimes bred to make other breeds like Quarter horses, Standardbred, Anglo-Arabian, and other warmblooded breeds. Thoroughbreds also are sometimes bred from different kinds of warmblooded horses according to their abilities. 
Before I knew much about thoroughbreds, all I knew was that they were good for racing! Mainly they are used for racing but as I had said before they are also used for show jumping, dressage, polo, and fox hunting. But not only that but they could do all kinds of sports like different kinds of show hunters, steeplechasers and even western riding events like barrel racing. Although racing is their best ability they are very fast on their feet and thoroughbreds that do sports like show jumping or barrel racing usually are bred with quarter horses and other kinds of breeds that are really known for their kinds of sports.

As you can see they are not coldblooded like most draft horses. They are lighter but not as strong for pulling things like draft horses are. They have a short back, long neck, high withers, and a perfect head. They are spirited and light on their feet. I love how thoroughbreds are shaped. And love their usually bay color with dark mane and tail.
(Picture from wikipedia)
A interesting fact is that thoroughbreds are raced at a really young age of about 4 or even 3 when they are strong enough and just old enough to have a rider on their back. They are sometimes dangerously full of energy, which is good for racing. Since they’re usually pretty young they have light jockey riders during the racing. It helps to have a light rider because it not only is it better for a young horse but it’s better to have a lighter rider so they could go faster.  

There are even a few interesting famous race horses such as Man o’ War which is considered the most famous race horse. During his time (which was just after World War 1) he won 20 out of 21 races!  He was a chestnut stallion and was foaled (born) in 1917 and died when he was about 30. In fact the picture below of him is when he was the age of 3. The owner of Man o’ War is a man named Samuel D. Riddle. Man o’ War was really hard to beat in races and was only beaten once out of the 21 races he did!
(Picture from wikipedia)

Horseball

Horseball is a really fun and interesting game I found. It comes from a game called ‘Pato’ which actually means ‘Duck Game’ because in early games, it was played with a live duck.

The game was first invented in Argentina in the early 1700s. Later in 1941 the Argentina de Pato was created. It was even Argentina’s national game in 1953. Today instead of the live duck, they use a ball. It became very well known in many places!

It is played with two teams that have to canter on horseback while trying to throw a ball into hoops (kind of like basketball). They are not allowed to stop their horse during the game even if someone drops the ball, which means while cantering a player has to reach down and grab the ball while staying in the saddle the whole time. Like this picture I drew below.
The ball has a cage like thing around it so it's easier to grab hold of.
(picture from wikipedia)
Players can steal the ball from the opposite side but are not allowed to push each other off their horses, but they can steer their horse into the other player's horse and push them to defend their teammates. If a player fully leaves the saddle they get a penalty. Sometimes a team will get together and attack at once. If the attack fails they might try the same thing again. Before the game a team would decide what their plan would be. Horseball is even played with kids that are as young as 6! But most games are played with teenagers and up.

The game can came be played with any kind of breed of horse. But children around 6 ride Shetland ponies and a little older ones ride different kinds of ponies.
To me it looks fun, hard, scary and awesome! And if I had ever wanted to choose a sport on horseback it would be HorseBall! I also found a video of different people playing Horseball:

Friesian

The Friesian horse (also can be called Frisian) originate in a place called Friesland in the Netherlands. Friesians look like a light draft horse but they are graceful for their size. During the middle ages they were believed to be used as war horses. Mainly knights rode on them with full armor, because they were strong and swift on their feet. 

Today they’re used for dressage competition, pleasure riding or driving. They almost always come in pure black unless they are chestnut, then they would be called ‘fox Friesians. There are white Friesians, Palomino Friesians and what is called ‘Fire Magic Friesian’ which is a reddish brown color. If they're bred with other breeds they might be born with white markings on their pure black coat. But the average Friesian is always a pure black beautiful horse. Friesians were especially popular in the 18th and 19th centuries, they were used for trotting races, harness horses or agricultural work. Some Friesian horses were also bred as stronger and more draft like, or less and became very light draft horses. These two kinds were called 'Friesian cross’  and 'Friesian Sporthorse’.

Foal

A foal is a baby horse usually one year and younger. They can be also called colt or filly but that term is mostly used when there two to four years old. But when they are younger and are still nursing from their mother, they can be called suckling. (Picture below is of a newborn foal)

(Picture from wikipedia)

When they are weaned from their mother (no longer living off of milk) they are called a weanling.  They are weaned from their mother around the age of six months. And when they reach the age of one, they are called a yearling. 

A foal will be able to run along side its mother within a few hours of birth. A foal will nurse until at least four months before being weaned. But if they live in the wild they can nurse until they're a year old. 

They are trained both as young horses and as adult horses. When they are too young to be ridden or driven, they are halter-broken. Halter-breaking means that the foal learns to accept being led by humans with a halter and lead. Also they will learn to accept grooming, hoof trimming, and hair trimming (which might be used by electric clippers).  They also learn to be loaded into a horse trailer or how to wear a horse blanket. 

A very important thing is that horses in general have very good memories and their owners must make sure they don’t develop a bad habit that may seem cute when they are young but will turn out disrespectful and dangerous when they grow older. 

Horses are usually not mature until they're four or five years old. The most popular age to begin training ‘under the saddle’ is three years old when they are called colts or fillies. 

Appaloosa

The Appaloosa is an American breed and is known for their colorful, spotted coat pattern. There are even different kinds of color patterns, like the Appaloosa leopard or the snowflake. Or the Cap (Also called blanket). This is a white blanket like patch on the back and down toward the tail. Usually they have darker spots speckled all over the patch. 

(Picture from wikipedia)
Appaloosas were very often used in war in history. They were used for many other things, but today can be rode Western or English. Western competition include cutting, reining, roping and O-Mok-See (Which can be spelled Omoksee) such as barrel racing, pole bending show jumping and fox hunting. (Omoksee is a Native American phrase that means “games on horseback”)

Appaloosas aren’t only used in competitions, they are also very often used for trail riding. Appaloosas are also bred for horse racing for an active breed. For this they are generally used for middle distance racing at between 350 yards. Appaloosa holds the all-breed record for the 3,000 ft distance set in 1989.

Appaloosas are often used in western movies too. 

Equine center

At the EQ center near me live about 30 horses. The most popular breed is the quarter horse. So far as I know there are Palominos, Mustangs, Quarter horses, Paints, Pintos, ponies, and different kinds of draft horses. I'm not sure if there are any arabians because I have never seen one down there yet. Almost all the horses there are quarter horses or at least a mix of quarter horse in almost every horse. Some of the horses there share paddocks. Some of the horses I know names of are: Cole, Aladdin, Jessica, Sugar, Peppy, Lena, Raleigh and a few others. Here's a picture of the names and horses I can remember.

Horse Hair

Horse hair (mane and tail) can be used for many things like upholstery, brushes or bows of musical instruments. The tail hair of the horse is only used for the bows because it’s thicker and stronger than the mane. They only use the tail hair of a stallion for the bow and never a mare because a mare would pee on her tail sometimes, but a stallion doesn’t and their hair is finer that way and can be cut and made for bows with cleaner hair. 

Horse hair is also used for fabric that is woven into wefts (the term for the thread or yarn which is drawn through the warp yarns to create cloth) from tail hair and then woven with the warps of cotton or silk. Horse hair can also be braided, used for pottery, and making jewelry such as bracelets, necklaces, earrings and barrettes. It’s used for wall and fine art paintbrushes. Painting with horse hair paint brushes is very popular and very much used today. Horse hair is desirable for paint brushes because of its smooth lay and ability to hold a lot of paint so the painter doesn’t have to stop to get more. 
Horse hair is used for violin and other stringed instrument bows. Another use comes from potter, basket weaving, and even for fishing. They hair can sometimes decorate the pole but it’s the fishing line that’s useful. The hair is spun together and made into very long lines. 

One historic use was for gloves used for fishing in the medieval age leading up to the 17th century. Gloves woven from horse hair were made into gloves and also were water proof when it was woven tightly and had natural oil. 

In history they were used for all kinds of things. But not all of those are still used today. 



Horse Markings

Markings on a horse are usually white marks on a dark base colored horse. The markings never change from birth to old age. Even when they shed the markings don’t change. Some face markings can make the eyes blue or green, even though they are almost always dark brown.


Facial markings:

Star: A white marking shaped kind of like a diamond in between the eyes and could be above the eyes. 
Stripe: Also known as strip or race, goes down the middle of the forehead to the nose. 
Blaze: A wider strip down the middle of the face. 
Snip: A white markings on muzzle. 
White face: Or also known as the bald face, is a very wide blaze that could be just before the eyes or past it (Making the eyes bright green, white or blue).
This picture of a paint below has stripe marking on his face.

Leg Markings:
Stocking: White markings that comes from the bottom of the knee and down.
Sock: Or also known as mid cannon or boot, starts from the top of the fetlock and down. 
Pastern: Starts below the fetlock and down to the hoof (Doesn’t include hoof).
Crown: Or also called Coronet is a white marking band that usually doesn’t go higher than an inch.  

There are more kinds of markings, but these are the basics. Body markings come in all kinds of shapes and sizes from spots to patches. You can even see the skin color of black to pink through hairs of the markings.