Jumping Position

I have never actually jumped a horse. This is the basics on how you position yourself when jumping on horseback;

1.When approaching a jump sit up tall and look straight ahead over the jump. 

2. Make sure your horse is in a good, even canter. 

3. When you come to the jump, lean yourself forward with your weight in your heel. 

This is just the basics though. When jumping, always keep your shoulders back. When actually jumping you have to keep your rear completely out of the saddle and eyes ahead. Never pull back on the reins while jumping; if a person loses his balance while jumping and catches the reins to catch himself it will tell the horse to stop. So if you lose your balance it’s better to grab onto the horse’s mane or the saddle. You always have to ride straight when approaching a jump. This helps the horse to know how tall the jump is and gives you a better take off if riding straight. Going full speed to do a jump isn’t always the best way to jump. It’s more about the horse listening to you and understanding you. That’s really important when jumping so you can change the gait to get a more even jump on a taller jump or a shorter jump.

You also don’t want to get ahead of your horse when jumping. ‘Getting ahead’ means ready too soon for the jump and going along with the jump too early before the horse is taking off for the jump. If you lean your body forward before the jump is will put too much weight towards the front and will make it much harder for the horse to jump at all. Of course you will also have to wear the right things and the gear for the horse as well.

Also, fear can make the horse feel uncomfortable and he may not jump at all. So if you're not ready to jump because you're scared, it’s better to say so before trying to jump. A horse could mess up because he senses your fear and both of you could get hurt. 

Eating patterns

I have seen lots of horses roaming around in huge meadows who spend all day grazing. Horses eat small amounts of the same kind of food all day long. Sometimes I just see horses standing lazily like statues while they doze off. Or when my family drives by a small herd of horses, they are either standing like statues with their heads over each other’s backs, laying out on their sides as if they were dead, or grazing slowly. In a different pasture I see other horses (usually with their new born foals) galloping as a herd or grazing as well. Some of these horses that live in herds of huge pastures are partly wild, but most of them are herded back in at night and are often mixed up with cattle. 

Horses have a kind of eating routine. In the wild they eat in small amounts at a time and have food that they could get access to all day long. They still have this same routine of eating and are easily upset if their feeding routines are changed. In wild herds the higher ranked horses eat and drink first and if there isn’t enough or just a small amount left the higher ranked horses might not let any other the lower ranked horses get any at all. 

Sleep patterns

Horses can sleep standing up or lying down. Most horses usually sleep standing because they are ‘prey’ animals and it’s easier to get away from the danger of predators if standing rather than laying down. Horses can relax their muscles while standing without falling over when sleeping. A lot of the time you can find a horse dozing with one of their hind legs cocked, this means they are relaxed. It is really amazing that horses don’t actually ‘sleep’ as often as you might think they do. They ‘sleep' about two and a half hours in a 24-hour period. They have to lay down to fall into a real sleep. 

Horses will doze than actually sleep and keep alert to things around them because they are a prey animal. Horses can sleep better in herds because one will sleep while while the other keeps watch for predators. 

Little Red Riding Hood

I drew this from a picture my grandpa took of a walk he had in France near his house. Of course there wasn't Little Red Riding Hood in the photo but there could be a big bad wolf lurking somewhere in those woods. Here is the picture he took:

(The pictures are mirrored partly on purpose).

Counting Stars

I have never made a pinkish/purple sky at night but this worked out better than I thought! I actually was looking at my brother's picture he took at night of a pink night, it also had a river and a farm next to it. The river in his picture was the Sacramento river that is next to our house, his picture he took is really similar to my drawing. 

Horse blankets 'n saddle blankets

A horse blanket (or rug) is a blanket that covers a horse from the rump to the chest. Some blankets have an additional neck and head cover including leg coverings. This blanket is to keep the cold out and even sometimes to keep the hair short. The blanket is basically their winter coat. The blanket is sometimes kept on the horse all winter to prevent their natural winter haired coat from growing so shedding their hair won't be such a problem in the summer. But without a winter haired coat or a blanket a horse could become really ill. 

Another kind of blanket is called a 'saddle blanket'. This saddle blanket is much smaller and goes between the horse's back and the saddle. The blanket is to prevent the horse's sweat from touching the leather saddle. The saddle straight on the back could make bad rashes or other things like that. Also the blanket keeps the saddle still and in place when riding; it's much more comforting to the horse to have a blanket between than the saddle straight on his back because it's softer.