Percheron

Percheron horses are a type of draft horse. They are used as all draft horses are used: farm work or pulling a carriage. They are big but don’t usually have feathers like the Shire or Clydesdale.

Sometimes they are also used as circus horses which they would be called Rosinbacks. When they’re in a circus they usually lope around the arena while an acrobatic does flips or dances on his back. Here is a video of Percheron horses and a acrobat doing flips on their backs —>

They have to be well trained for this or the rider could be very endangered if the horse got shy or a little frightened by something. They are big horses and could crush anybody by getting frighted.

A man named Mark Dunham loved Percheron horses. When he was small boy in 1848 he went with his father to a horse show. One of the horses caught his eye; it was a Percheron stallion. It was the biggest horse he had ever seen in his six years. And he grew up thinking about the strong draft horse. Finally he went to France (Where the Percheron stallion came from) and decided to bring a few of theses Percheron horses back home in America. He ended up getting seven Percheron horses and brought them back. After a few years went by he started buying hundreds of Percheron horses that filled his fields. The village of Wayne where he lived had Percheron horses everywhere.

Arabian

Arabian horses are very fast on their feet. Arabs (for short), could survive through heat without much food for a long time. Arabia in the ancient days had many Arabian horses. It’s mostly desert and you would find almost no life except a few camels, maybe a snake or two and a desert fox hunting for mice. What would surprise you is that there are herds of Arabian horses living in the desert. They are known for their curving tails that looks like a flag in the wind and there arched neck. The color of the Arabian didn’t matter. But they were measured by their height and made sure their skin was black so they could survive the heat and sun much better. This gray Arab horse has white white hair but his skin is black. 

(Picture from wikipedia)

The people who lived there used the Arab horses mainly for battle. It’s because their camels were fine for traveling on and carrying anything but their horses were much better and not so clumsy when it comes to fighting. They are fast and could do sharp turns while keeping their riders on their backs.
Or they would be sometimes raced on a long track.  

Some of theses Arab horses were sent to America for farm work. Today there are much more Arabian horses in US than anywhere else. Here’s a picture of a purebred Arabian stallion. I love his arched neck and flag like tail!
(Picture from wikipedia)

Clydesdale

Clydesdales are known for dressage (which means that they strive for high levels of precision and harmony between horse and rider) because they do very well by prancing and showing off. But they are mostly known for pulling carriages or carts in parades or other places like the fair. They are a very Scottish draft horse. They got their name from a river called River Clyde. Nobody really knows how the Clydesdale breed started. There are lots of stories that no one knows how it all actually started.But they do know that it was started from one horse who was pure black with a white blaze down his face and white feathers that reached his knees. His name was Blaze because of his white blaze. His white markings made the black look really black and beautiful. He was foaled in 1779 and always looked clean and shiny!

Most draft horses and of course Clydesdales have a type of braid on their mane that have little bobs on them. They are decorated this way on almost parade or horse show. Or even when they are just pulling cart or carriage. Their tail is either cut short or made into a small bun.

Most Clydesdales are bay or brown and it’s kind of rare to find a pure black Clydesdale. But they always have white feathers that wave when they trot. That is why they are mainly used as carriage horses. They are also used to plow on farms like the Shire, but are mainly used in parades, fairs and horse shows.

Here is a youtube video of a black Clydesdale prancing —> 

Shetland Pony

Some Shetland ponies lived on the Shetland islands north of Scotland. They were only used as work ponies, mainly they were called 'pit ponies'. Pit ponies were ponies who pulled cars of coal inside the mines. Some of the ponies never got to go out of the mines and worked their whole lives in them. Other than that, they were also used in the fields and carried back huge sacks of wheat or other kinds of crop the farmers grew there. Sometimes they would carry clams, fish or other kinds of sea food that the people gathered at the shores. The ponies were even used for transportation and had to carry heavy people on their backs. They worked quietly but were not very happy in their work, specially the pit ponies.

But the people there weren’t mean to their ponies. If there was a huge storm that would blow outside, often the owner would let his shetland pony inside for the night. And sometimes he gave the ponies a reward of oats. They had no other kind of horse that would be big enough or strong enough for the work. And even if they could get a bigger horse for the work the pit ponies were smaller and could work around easier in the dark passages. It was really the farm work and especially the riding that a bigger horse was needed. This work was sometimes too much for a shetland pony.

One day the mines were electrified and there was no longer a need for the pit ponies, as they would now use machines. They sent the ponies to America, where they were used as children’s ponies. They seemed to love it there very much. They liked the light children on their back instead of a heavy adult. They where taught to be gentle and made sure they weren’t overfed or mistreated. They loved to pull carts with children ready for a picnic. And sometimes had a apple core for a nice treat! There were two different types of shetland ponies, the slender American and the English draft. English draft shetland ponies came in a solid black, brown or bay color. As for the American, they came in all kinds of colors, patches and spots. 

Morgan's horse

The Morgan horse is a very strong and very fast horse. Today they are mainly used for police horses or other things like that. They are one of the most fearless horses and were the first American horse. They always seem to try and finish the job and are frisky when the job's done. 

In 1795 a man named Justin Morgan was going to visit a farmer and collect some money that the farmer owed him. The farmer didn't have enough money at the time, but he said he could have one of his colts instead. Justin Morgan agreed to this and was given the big colt and another smaller colt as well. Morgan didn't want another mouth to feed but knew he could sell the colts for money. And that's what he did. But he only sold the bigger colt because no one wanted the smaller colt. They all said he was too small and would turn out badly. So he kept the colt and some woodcutters rented the colt to be used as a draft horse. The colt seemed to always get the work done and at the end still have energy. Everyone called the colt "Morgan's horse" and that name stuck. People started to learn about his energy and strength. One night Morgan's horse pulled a huge log that no other draft horse or oxen could pull. Not only that but there were three men on the log that he had to pull. Many people heard and saw this and wanted to buy Morgan's horse. Morgan decided to sell it to his brother. He did this before he died and didn't know what became of his horse. Morgan's brother bred the horse and started the "Morgan" breed! The name stuck to Morgan's horse and the horses after him. 

(Picture by Noelle)

The Shire

The shire horse is the biggest and broadest horse in the world. He is sometimes at least seventeen hands high, which is about six feet from the ground to his shoulder (one hand: four inches). They can get to even eight feet tall from there foot to the top of the shoulder. They are mostly used for pulling huge loads or plowing big rakes, not only because they were so strong but that they had lots of feathering at their feet. This helped them go through places that had sharp sticks and plants that could leave scars on other kinds of horses’ legs. But their high amount of feathering protected their legs and could easily work by plowing mostly near sharp sticks. But now they're mostly used as cart horses for the fun of it.

In the Middle Ages, they were used not only for farm work but also for battle. They were so strong and could carry a huge amount of weight. They could weigh a ton and would often carry two hundred pounds from their rider and his armor. Add to that another two hundred pounds of armor that the shire horse himself wore. 

The shire horses are trained not to be frightened of sounds and wild happenings that might occur around them. If they were to get frightened they are so big they might easily kill anything in range very easily. They could stand still and not even twitch  if there were loud, frightful sounds. Even if a huge tree was to be cut down and ready for it to be towed away, they wouldn’t move if the tree fell right in front of the horse. Even the loud rake which is pulled behind them to plow the earth could scare them and it is often very loud and squeaky.

Shire horses huge and very different from many horses! They are the strongest and biggest of any other kind of horse! 
(Picture by Noelle)
("Feathers" are the long hair around the bottom part of the legs). Picture above

This is a video I found on youtube that could be interesting! 

Front Part of the Body

 

(Picture by Noelle)


1: Withers

The withers are on the upper part of the body, right over the shoulder. This is where the blanket (blanket for the saddle) goes. 


2: Shoulder 

The shoulder is just under the withers. The blanket is partly over the shoulder but the saddle goes just before the shoulder. 


3: Arm

The arm is under the shoulder that then goes down to the forearm. It is also next to the thorax (or barrel) and is part of the elbow. 


4: Chest

The chest is next to the arm. 


5: Elbow

The elbow is next to the arm, forearm and barrel. 


6: Thorax or Barrel

The barrel is next to many parts. It's in the middle of the whole body. It's next to the elbow, arm, girth, abdomen (belly), back, and shoulder.


7: Girth

The girth is at the bottom and is next to the chest, elbow, barrel and belly. 


8: Back

The back is just behind the withers and above the barrel. This is where the rider sits.


Head

The horse’s poll is just behind the ears. The horse’s forehead is just in front of the ears. Also there is the jaw and throat latch. Those two are next to each other under the horse’s face.

Then there is the horse’s neck and crest. The crest is just above the neck at the very top.                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
(Picture by Noelle)

Hind leg and down

The legs of the horse is different from the front part. They have different names until the Fetlock (ankle) and down. If you want to know more about the front part, like the Manus (Horse’s hand) here is the link -> http://horsehaven.posthaven.com/manis.


‘Gaskin’ is what you can call a horse’s leg. Under the gaskin is tarsus or hock. Under that is metatarsus or hindcannon. I would usually just call it Leg, hock and hindcannon.

Under that is where the rest of the part begins. Fetlock (Ankle), pastern, coronet and the hoof. 

Palomino

Palomino wasn't actually a real breed. In fact they have many different breeds in their blood. But they were eventually accepted as a breed mainly because of their color. They are the most golden horses in the world. Only a few breeds (mainly Arabians) would end up with a little gold on their coats. This picture below was taken by me when I went down to the EQ center.

No one really knows how Palomino actually got their color. There are many stories on how this happened. One story was by a man who said a rich wheat farmer was the first to discover it. One day the wheat farmer said he would give much silver to the person who could find him the prettiest horse. So roundup men went out to find the prettiest wild horse. They soon noticed that there was a big problem. This was that the when the wild horses ran there was dust everywhere and also all over the horses so they couldn't even see the color of their coats. But an Indian boy watched carefully and spotted one of the horses. He rounded up that horse and cleaned the dust off the horse. It was gold!

This is one of the stories but there are many more. Another person said that there were two Indians who snuck aboard a ship that had horses on it. They stole two horses, a pure white stallion and a chestnut mare. The chestnut mare ran away from the Indians one day, and running along side her was a golden colt.

No one really knew where the Palomino horses came from. Or even how it got its name Palomino! They must have forgotten how the name happened.  Something everyone did want to know was how they could breed a whole bunch of theses Palominos! They tried breeding two Palominos together to get the same thing again. That didn't always work very well. In fact it mostly didn't work out at all! Sometimes the foal would be just a chestnut. But after time went on breeders finally did find out how to get Palominos into the herd. It was by breeding a pure white (usually stallion) and a chestnut mare. The different breeds they tried were Arabians, Thoroughbreds, Morgans, American Saddle Horses and Quarter Horses.

There are also three types of Palominos. The stock horse, the pleasure horse, and the parade horse. They can do anything a quarter horse could! Stock Palominos are very good at cutting but also at racing! Pleasure Palominos are all kinds of fun with western games: cutting, barrel racing, reining and much more! And finally, Parade Palominos are the one I might like the most! Parade Palominos of course are usually used in parades! They also seem to love being in the center of crowds to prance and dance in parades! They love to show off their gold color and hear the loud yells and cheers from each side! They are proud Palominos!  

(Picture by Noelle)